Technology through the human journey
Since the beginning of humanity, we have used technology to overcome challenges and satisfy our needs, whether through the creation of the wheel to facilitate transportation, the invention of electricity to light our homes, or the emergence of the internet to connect the entire world. The history of humanity is marked by technological advances that have radically transformed our interaction with the world around us. But what if we don’t confine ourselves to the world, empowering ourselves to shape our own bodies and redefine the limits of human potential with human enhancements.
Human enhancement refers to the use of technology and scientific methods to enhance the physical and cognitive capabilities of human beings. These can be divided into three main categories.
It involves applying knowledge of biology, genetics, nutrition, and other related fields to optimize the functioning of the body and mind. Making adjustments to lifestyle, diet, supplementation and the use of technology to achieve personal goals such as increased energy, cognitive improvement or longevity. This category is already commonly seen today as in medication, supplementation and brain stimulation techniques via magnetism and electricity.
This category refers to the use of technologies to improve the physical and cognitive capabilities of human beings. These technologies include cybernetic implants, advanced prosthetics, wearable devices, brain-machine interfaces, and other interventions that aim to improve or augment the natural abilities of the human body. The goal is to create closer integration between humans and technology to improve performance, overcome physical or sensory limitations, and even explore new frontiers of skills. We can see the application through Neuralink, which aims to develop brain-machine interfaces, allowing direct communication between the human brain and electronic devices.
“Transhumanism” is a cultural and intellectual movement that advocates the use of technology to overcome biological limitations with the aim of improving the human condition. This may involve applying advances in fields such as artificial intelligence, biotechnology, nanotechnology, and other disciplines to improve health, prolong life, increase intelligence, and even transcend traditional human limitations. As a highlight we can mention the genetic modification that will be capable of characteristics coming from millions of years of our evolution by our will, as well as the transfer of consciousness where we could transfer our consciousness to a non-biological structure, making our existence become data stored in a digital way.
Technological advancement offers incredible opportunities to improve the human condition, but the ethics of this progress are complex and need to be debated. How the constant search for improvement can result in vicious cycles, generating physical, psychological or social dependence. Another ethical challenge is the disparity in access to enhancements, in which if they become exclusive to some, they can deepen social divisions, creating a society where only the privileged have access, widening inequalities. The central question is, how far can we shape our human essence without losing our identity? As we seek to improve intelligence, physical abilities, and health, ethical boundaries are crucial to preserving our humanity. The challenge is to discern between legitimate progress and exceeding limits that compromise our essence.